There are several types of treatment for cancer, including surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. The type of treatment you have will depend on the type of cancer you have, the stage of cancer, your personal preferences and your age.
The main goal of surgery to treat cancer is to completely remove the tumour or cancerous tissue. Surgery is most effective at completely removing cancer that is at an early stage, is localized and hasn’t spread to other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be given on their own or in a combination. Chemotherapy may also be given with other treatments, such as radiation therapy or targeted therapy.
Radiation therapy works by destroying cancer cells and damaging a cancer cell’s DNA so that it stops dividing and growing. Radiation therapy may be used alone to treat cancer or with other treatments such as surgery or chemotherapy.